Blockchains in Medicine – Review of the Landscape for the Future

Blockchains are decentralized internet-based ledgers based upon Merkle trees [1] that first came to recognition and use after the 2008 whitepaper by the pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto [2]. This whitepaper described what was to become the first functioning decentralized digital currency named Bitcoin [3], the proof-of-concept source code of which was then released in 2009[4]. Over…

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