This paper describes the creation of a knowledge base for an intelligent healthcare management system dealing with cases of stroke, myocardial infarction and depression. The main purpose of the knowledge base is to discover and evaluate risk factors and situations which can lead to such diseases and to enable the formation and support of a preventative measures plan. The present version of the knowledge base is implemented using a heterogeneous semantic network approach and utilizes expert opinions about risk factors and events influencing an individual’s health. Data include genetic predisposition, lifestyle, and external environment. Data is compiled with the aid of questionnaires, mobile devices, case histories and information from social media. Information from social media is analyzed using data and text mining methods with the goal of evaluating the user’s condition. All of the data obtained is accumulated in a single database. The knowledge base establishes risk factors, including changes in those factors over the course of time, and circumstances or events which might precipitate the emergence of pathology. Hypotheses are generated about the current state of the user’s health, the active risk factors which created conditions for the onset of disease, and circumstances which might produce an increase or decrease in risk factors. Prophylactic measures to reduce those risks are suggested through analysis of the hypotheses generated. Recommendations regarding prophylactic measures are formed with the aid of the knowledge base, the user case-library, and collaborative filtering methods. Recommendations are based on 4P medicine, which requires mandatory participation of system users in maintaining their health.
Oleg G. Grigoriev, Boris A. Kobrinskii, Gennadiy, S. Osipov, Alexey I. Molodchenkov, Ivan V. Smirnov.
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