Country-by-country lowdown on Europe’s key AI initiatives, projects and learning. Plus a summary from the recent AIMed Swiss Breakfast Briefing.

The UK is the European leader in the sector, with a third of European AI health start-ups founded in the UK, in hubs including London. Around half of NHS trusts are now said to be investing in artificial intelligence in some form. AI technology has progressed and matured over the last three years in healthcare more than in many other areas as there are profound new opportunities for cost reduction and process automation through AI.

The UK government is committed to put the UK at the forefront of the AI and data revolution by using data, artificial intelligence, and innovation to transform the prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of chronic diseases by 2030. Its plans in- clude investing an additional £50 million in its dig- ital pathology and radiology programme as a first step towards making the Centres of Excellence, developing a set of tools to help technology sellers comply with principle 7 of the code of conduct.

The NHS appears to have one clear advantage when it comes to training AI — as the biggest single healthcare organisation in the world, with over 1.7 million staff and one million patients seen every 36 hours, it should have vast stores of data that can be used to train AI. The UK ranks fourth in the world when it comes to creating the right conditions for a home-grown AI industry to flourish. The decades

of big data held by the NHS represents perhaps the UK’s single biggest opportunity to advance that position and develop world-beating applications.

Issues around data privacy and patient trust will also be paramount. Medical records are some of the most personal data that exists, and how the NHS handles patient data in the age of AI will be key.

The NHS has, however, experienced difficulties in the past in realising the benefits of technology. AI needs to be integrated properly and this means that IT systems be replaced and made inter-operable. The quality and extent of health data must be radically improved too. Dr Sobia Raza told a House of Lords Committee there needed to be “a continued drive towards digitisation and embedding appropriate and modern digital infrastructure” in the NHS.

The UK has a very strong environment for AI development but to further become a leader in AI implementation, more expertise is needed within companies in terms of what AI can do, so that clients can lead in developing AI-orientated solutions to real-world problems. The workforce will need to be trained on its value and the need for accuracy. While healthcare organisations will need to have robust plans in place to provide backup services if technology systems fail or are breached.

Key Initiatives

1. DRDOCTOR

www.drdoctor.co.uk

An online and text-based service that allows patients to confirm, cancel, and change bookings digitally.
For hospitals, this means they can maximise and manage patient volume to best fit their capacity.

Helps hospitals to deliver patient facing digital solutions, so they can work in radically different ways.

Served over 4,000,000 people; NHS Innovation Accelerator (NIA) company and patient appointment innovator DrDoctor is working with three new major NHS Trusts.

2. BABYLON HEALTH

www.babylonhealth.com

Has pledged $100m to develop the world’s leading healthcare AI platform.

By combining the ever-growing power of AI with the best
medical expertise of humans, Babylon can deliver unparalleled access to healthcare, including personalised health assessments, treatment advice and face-to-face appointments with a doctor 24/7.

3. REFORM UK

www.reform.uk

As an educational charity, Reform is committed to producing excellent research to inform policy events that push the debate forward and generate ideas and raise funds with integrity.

Reform’s research examines how technological transformation, local health and care commissioning
and workforce reform can create an adaptive and sustainable NHS and social care, capable of delivering integrated models of care to meet our changing and rapidly ageing society.

4. LOW CARB PROGRAMME

www.lowcarbprogram.com

A multi-award-winning behaviour change app for adults with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes and obesity. It provides the education, resources and support required to achieve health goals.

The platform has personalised education and support streams that are QISMET approved for deliveryas self-management education within the NHS for adults with type 2 diabetes, type 2 diabetes prevention, obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

5. LANTUM

www.lantum.com

A VC backed technology company that has global ambitions to solve the staffing problems in healthcare systems around the world. Clients are mostly organisations providing primary care at scale who use it to create online clinical staff banks.

6. NUANCE

www.nuance.com/en-gb/

Design and deliver technologies that intuitively link man, machine and the global storehouse of knowledge to help companies and consumers work seamlessly and intelligently with the world.

With AI and ML powered solutions, healthcare organizations are enjoying far higher productivity and satisfaction, superior performance against benchmarks, improvements to reimbursement and, most important, better clinical outcomes for their patients.

Nuance has supported NHS Trust Hospitals with various solutions.

7.  IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON

www.imperial.ac.uk/artificial- intelligence/research/healthcare/

Imperial College London has won funding to host a Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in AI and healthcare and will be a partner in another artificial intelligence CDT hosted elsewhere. Provide state-of-the art training in AI and machine learning and apply them here in meaningful ways.

8.  HEALTH INNOVATION NETWORK

healthinnovationnetwork.com

Bodies that connect NHS and academic organisations, local authorities, the third sector and industry. Are uniquely placed to identify and spread health innovation at pace and scale; driving the adoption and spread of innovative ideas and technologies across large populations.

WITHIN: Academic Health Science Network www.ahsnnetwork.com

9. HEALTH IQ

www.healthiq.co.uk

Support the pharmaceutical and life sciences industry to support their customers (NHS commissioners, providers and public health bodies) with intelligence and insight-based solutions to deliver the best possible care.  Offer genuine insight, backed by years of applying healthcare datasets to challenges in the real world. House an extensive data warehouse giving direct access to this data.

10. DEEPMIND

deepmind.com/about/

A world leader in artificial intelligence research and its application for positive impact.

Team brings together doctors and clinical academics with leading experts in technology and security.

DeepMind, in partnership with Moorfields Eye Hospital in London, has trained its algorithms to detect over 50 sight-threatening conditions to the same accuracy as expert clinicians. It’s also capable of correctly recommending the most appropriate course of action for patients and will prioritize those in most urgent need of care. Through access to large volumes of data from the medical community, continual learning from their own users and through feedback, it provides information on possible medical conditions and common treatments. Also offers real-time GP consultations via a video or phone call.