Altman R. AI in Medicine: The Spectrum of Challenges from Managed Care to Molecular Medicine.
AI Magazine 1999; 20(30): 67-77.

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AI has embraced medical applications from its inception, and some of the earliest work in successful application of AI technology occurred in medical contexts. Medicine in the twenty-first century will be very different than medicine in the late twentieth century. Fortunately, the technical challenges to AI that emerge are similar, and the prospects for success are high.

The full list of the top 100 articles on artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence in medicine are published here:

Intelligence- Based Medicine
Artificial Intelligence and Human Cognition in Clinical Medicine and Healthcare.
Anthony Chang, MD, MBA, MPH, MS